Definition Of Compensation | By Expert, Type and Criteria

Definition Of Compensation - Actually, what is meant by compensation? Understanding compensation is all compensation received by a worker for the services or the results of its work in an organization/ company where such rewards can be either money or goods, either directly or indirectly.

Compensation in the form of money, meaning that the worker is paid a certain amount of cash for the job. While compensation in the form of goods, meaning that these workers paid with goods certain for his services.

The term compensation is associated with the rewards-financial rewards (financial reward) given to someone on the basis of the employment relationship. Usually, the compensation is given in the form of financial (money) because of the monetary expenditure made by an organization.

Giving good compensation to the workers/ employees will provide a positive impact on an organization, including:

1. Spur employees to excel and work harder

2. The company gets the workers are of good quality

3. Facilitate the administrative process and legal aspects

4. Become a lure for job seekers convenience

5. The company has its own advantages compared to competitors

Definition Of Compensation According By Experts

Definition Of Compensation According By Experts


To better understand what it is compensation, then we can refer to the opinion of some experts here:

1. Sedarmayanti

According to Sedarmayanti (2011:239), the definition of compensation is everything received by employees as remuneration for their work.

2. Husein Umar

According to Husein Umar (2007:16), the definition of compensation is everything received by employees, either in the form of salary, wages, incentives, bonuses, premiums, treatment of, insurance and others, and the like paid directly company.

3. Wibowo

According to Wibowo (2007:461), the meaning of compensation is to counter-performance against the use of labor or services which have been given by labor to the company.

4. Alex S. Nitisemito

According to Alex S. Nitisemito (1986:149), the meaning of compensation is a remuneration provided by the company to its employees can be assessed with money and has a tendency to is given for fixed.

5. T. Hani Handoko

According to T. Hani Handoko (2001:155), the definition of compensation is everything received by employees as remuneration for their work.

Compensation policy in the Business

Compensation policy in the Business

In a business or company, compensation is defined as a form of income in the form of money which is given directly to the employees or members of the business as a reward for services already rendered to the company.

Compensation is often associated with the salary, but not all types of compensation can be regarded as salary. There are some of the terminologies of compensation in a business or a company, namely:

1. Wages or Salary

Wages/salary is paid mandatory that the employee received from the company. Wages/salaries related to hourly rates, so the longer the operation in a matter of hours, then wages will be more large or so-called overtime outside working hours.

2. Incentives

Companies usually give wage incentives as a form of wages beyond salary. Generally given when the company gets more profit or because of its cost-cutting efforts.

3. Allowance

Usually referred to benefits generally provided to employees of the company in the form of a life and health insurance, retirement program or the other.

4. Facilities

The company's facilities can also be regarded as a form of compensation in the form of enjoyment and comfort for its employees, such as a car, a gym in the office, special parking for certain employees and other.

Type Of Compensation

Type Of Compensation

Furthermore, compensation based on the type can be divided into 3 kinds, namely:

1. Direct financial compensation, i.e. the salary or wages paid because of the obligations or the principal, for example, basic pay, paid an intensive form of bonuses and commissions.

2. Financial compensation, namely the compensation in the form of mercenaries out of obligation. The company reserves the right to provide or not provide additional compensation for employees unless indeed it takes such leave of pregnancy.

3. Compensation non-financial, that compensation is given only if the member is able to complete the work challenges and can achieve the target company by way of innovative.

Compensation is a form of appreciation for employees or members of the company which is important to get a special policy. In the absence of compensation could reduce the value of human resources in the company because of reduced enthusiasm and ambition to compete.

Moreover, if the basic salary is given by the company not in accordance with the effort of the worker. Will certainly many employees choose to find other work. When recruiting new employees it is more difficult than developing what is already owned by the company.

The Purpose Of Providing Compensation

Here are some the purpose of granting compensation to employees:

1. A form of appreciation for employees

2. As a guarantee of the justice of the salary of the employee

3. As an effort to retain employees and reduce turnover

4. To get quality employees

5. Efforts to control the cost of

6. To meet regulations the company is also the national

Through compensation, how a business or company can be said to be able to achieve the success of a system that has been made? What are the criteria? A company can be said to succeed in achieving the system only if it reaches the following:

• The company is able to retain individuals who are competent and qualified

• The company is able to achieve the targets and objectives sooner than planned

• Provide a broader spectrum of behavior from all members of the company

• The achievement of justice or equality for all employees in the absence of inequality

• In accordance with the provisions of the regulations within a region.

The Criteria For Granting Compensation

The Criteria For Granting Compensation

Compensation cannot be perfunctory and should be accompanied by considerations that have a basis. The policy of giving compensation in a company is based on the following things:

1. The price or Value of the Work

The assessment of the price of the work should be the main priority in determining compensation actions such as what should be planned for the company. The assessment of the price of the work can be based or two things. First, based on the type of expertise a job, the level of risk and complexity.

Second, by doing price surveys for compensation of other organizations that can be used as a benchmark to determine the price. Survey of prices is important to retain employees who are qualified from the possibility of the resignation.

2. The System Of Compensation

The compensation system can be done through two things, namely because of achievements and because of the time. You as the leadership of the company can give compensation on the basis of achievements that can be achieved employees, such as the achievement of targets. Compensation achievement creates Your employees will be vying to produce the best in order to get the bonus.

However, in certain companies it is difficult to determine compensation through achievement, can be tricked with through the system time. So employees will only get the bonus when the work exceeds the time, for example, over time.

That's some of the things regarding the definition of compensation, types, objectives, and policies in a company or business. Maybe useful.

Definition Of Conflict | Type, Impact, and Causes

Definition Of Conflict - What is meant by conflict? In sociology, the notion of conflict is a social process between two individuals or social groups where each party is trying to get rid of the other party in order to achieve the goal by providing a resistance which is accompanied with threats and violence.

The term “conflict” is derived from English, namely “conflict” means any conflict or dispute. Conflict is a process in dissociative in the social interaction that occurs when all parties in society want to achieve the goal at the same time.

Definition Of Conflict According By Experts

Definition Of Conflict According By Experts


To better understand what is the meaning of the conflict, then we can refer to the opinion of some experts here:

1. Taquiri and Davis

According to Taquiri and Davis, the notion of conflict is the legacy of the social life that occurs in a variety of circumstances as a result of the rise of the state of disagreement, controversy, and conflict between two or more parties on a continuous basis.

2. Lewis A. Coser

According to Lewis A. Coser, the meaning of conflict is a value struggle or the demands for your status and is a part of the community that will always be there, so if there is a community then it will appear a conflict.

3. Soerjono Soekanto

According to Soerjono Soekanto, understanding the conflict is a state of opposition between two parties to strive to meet a goal way against the opposing party.

4. Robbins

According to Robbins, the meaning of the conflict is the social process in society that occur between parties of different interests to give each other a negative impact, meaning that different parties that continue to provide resistance.

5. Alabaness

According to Alabaness, understanding the conflict is the state of society which suffered damage to the social order that begins from individuals or groups who do not agree with the opinion and the other party so that it encourages the occurrence of a change in attitude, behavior, and actions on the basis of her disapproval.

Causes Of Conflict

Causes Of Conflict

Conflict does not just happen, there are many factors underlying causes. As for some of the factors that cause conflict are as follows:

1. The Difference Of Each Individual

Every individual in a community group certainly has a different view, opinions, and ways of interacting. It is very potential to cause the occurrence of the dispute then becomes a cause of conflict.

2. Cultural Factors

Background of different cultures in a society can lead to conflict. Culture each region has its own uniqueness and can form a person's personality.

3. Factors Of Interest

Each individual and group within a society have diverse interests respectively. These interests can be in terms of economic, social, and political.

The difference of views and interests in various spheres of human life is a factor of the cause of the conflict which is very difficult to be avoided.

4. Social Interaction

Lack of harmony in terms of social interaction also can cause the occurrence of conflict in society. Disharmony in social interactions could be caused by a variety of factors, for example, innate nature of a person, economic conditions, social inequality, lack of education, and so forth.

5. Social Change

Social change can occur naturally because, basically, humans are always experiencing change. And social change is quite often a factor in the cause of the occurrence of conflict in society.

Type Of Conflict

Type Of Conflict

There are several types of conflicts that often occur in the community. Referring to the definition of conflict above, the kinds of conflict are as follows:

1. The Conflict Of The Individual

Personal conflict is a conflict that occurs between individuals with individuals or with groups of people. The type of conflict is very often the case in the family, friendship, the world of work, and others.

2. Racial Conflicts

Racial conflict is the conflict between two races or more different. Racial conflict will occur when each race feels more superior and more priority to the interests of their own group above the common interests.

3. Religious Conflict

Religious conflict is a conflict that occurs between groups who have a religion and different beliefs. Most people consider religion as guidance and guidelines for life that should be followed in absolute terms. So anything that is different or not in accordance with her religion will be considered the problem and then trigger the occurrence of conflict.

4. The Conflict Between Social Classes

The grouping of classes in a society is the potential to cause conflict. The struggle and effort to maintain a role and status in the community groups often lead to conflict. For example, a rich group and the poor/ middle are competing for power in politics.

5. Political Conflict

Political conflict is a conflict that occurs due to the presence of differing views in political life. This conflict occurs because each group wants to rule against a system of government.

6. Social Conflict

Social conflict is a conflict that happens in the social life of the community. For example the issue of social, economic problems, communication, and others.

7. International Conflict

International conflict is a conflict that occurs between the countries in the world, be it developing countries or developed countries. This conflict can occur because of one of the country feel aggrieved by the other state, or because each country wants to fight for its existence. For example, the cold war between Russia and America.

The Impact Of The Conflict

The Impact Of The Conflict

Basically, the conflict will cause a negative impact on any party. However, in addition, to cause a negative impact, in the case of a particular it turns out that conflict can also have a positive impact.

In accordance with the understanding of the conflict in the above, the following is the impact caused by the conflict:

1. The Negative Impact

• Inflict damage to the social integration of the community.

• Cause trauma to the psychological and social.

• Foster a sense of revenge on each party so that people's lives become not harmonious.

• Damage/ loss of possessions in the life of the community.

2. A Positive Impact

Conflicts that occur in society are indeed more negative impact. However, such conflicts can produce an agreement that benefits all parties, so that community integration becomes more powerful.

Thus a brief explanation about the definition of conflict, causes types, and impact of the conflict. Hopefully this article useful and add your insight.

Definition Of Ideology | By Expert, Function and Type

Definition Of Ideology - Actually, what is that ideology? In general, the Notion of Ideology is a collection of basic ideas, notions, beliefs, and beliefs that are systematically in accordance with the direction and the objectives to be achieved in the national life of a nation and state.

What Is Ideology ?

What Is Ideology

There are those who consider the notion of ideology is a comprehensive vision, as a way of view towards all things in general and some directions of philosophy submitted by the class dominant in all members of the community.

The term ideology is closely connected with various spheres of human life, including:

• Political (Legal, Defense, and Security)

• Social

• Culture

• Religion

This term was first introduced by Destutt de Tracy, a philosopher of French origin. Etymologically the word “Ideology” comes from the French language, namely:

• Idéo which means ideas, ideals, look, look.

• Logie which means that logic or ratio.

So that the meaning of ideology can also be defined as a set of ideas that shape the belief and understanding to realize human ideals.

The Notion Of Ideology According By Experts

The Notion Of Ideology According By Experts

To better understand what is the meaning of ideology, then we can refer to the opinion of some experts. Here is a definition of ideology according to experts:

1. Francis Bacon

According to Francis Bacon, the notion of ideology is a synthesis of fundamental thinking of a concept of life.

2. Alfian

According to Alfian, the notion of ideology is a worldview or a value system that is thorough and also in-depth about how the way we recommend, which is morally considered right and also fair, set behavior together in various aspects and spheres of life.

3. Gunawan Setiardjo

According to Gunawan Setiardjo, the meaning of ideology is a collection of ideas or notions or beliefs of the ‘aqliyyah (cannot get through the process of thinking) that gave birth to those rules in life.

4. C. C. Rodee

According to C. C. Rodee, understanding ideology is a set of ideas that are logically related and identify the values that give legitimacy for the institution and also the culprit.

5. Ali Syariati

According to Ali Syariati, the notion of ideology is a belief-beliefs and ideas that are adhered to by a group, a social class, a nation or a particular race.

6. Drs. Moerdiono

According to the Drs. Moerdiono, ideology is a system of ideas that will systematize the entire thinking about life and equip it with the means as well as policy and strategy with the goal of adjusting the state of the real values contained in the philosophy of the parent.

Type Of Ideology

The Type Of Ideology

There is actually a lot of ideology in this world, but there are several types of ideology that is quite popular. Here are several types of such ideologies:

1. The Ideology Of Capitalism

The main idea in capitalism is the freedom of the individual to perform the accumulation of capital individually. In this ideology, the state is not allowed to interfere in the effort to enrich themselves done by someone.

2. The Ideology Of Liberalism

The main idea in liberalism is individual freedom and upholds the equality in the society of a country. Basic rights every person should be protected by the state.

3. The Ideology Of Marxism

The ideology of Marxism is the ideas of Karl Marx. Karl Marx devised a theory of the large associated with the economic system, social system, and political system.

4. The Ideology Of Socialism

The main idea of this ideology is social equality which the government has a dominant role over the individual. In the ideology of socialism, there is no recognition of private property rights.

5. The Ideology Of Nationalism

The main idea of Nationalism is the consciousness and the spirit of love of the homeland and the nation are shown through the attitude of the individual and the community.

6. The Ideology Of Feminism

The main idea of feminism is the struggle for equality of rights and responsibilities for women in the political, economic, cultural, personal space and public space.

The Function Of Ideology In General

The Function Of Ideology In General

An ideology can be studied, formulated, to be included in the abstract level in the mind and soul of man. Ideology will be the foundation of thinking and the human perspective in interpreting and understanding the world.

In general, the following are some of the functions of ideology:

• Be a guide for the social activities of individuals in the community.

• Be a source of inspiration norms and social values.

• Be a guide for the individual in finding his or her identity.

• Provide motivation for the individual in reaching his life goals.

An ideology can determine the concrete actions of individuals in social life. In the extreme, someone even willing to sacrifice lives for the sake of maintaining an ideology that he believed in.

Above is a brief about the notion of ideology, types, and functions of ideology in general. Hopefully this article useful and add your insight.

Definition Of The Society | By Expert, Elements, and Various

Definition Of The Society - What is meant by society? Understanding the custody of his comrades a group of ‎humans who live together in a region and form a system, either semi-open or semi-closed, where the interaction that happens in it is between the individuals in the ‎group.‎

A society is formed because of each human using feelings, thoughts, and his desire to ‎react to its environment. It shows that humans are social creatures who naturally need each other.‎

Definition Of The Society According By The Experts

Definition Of The Society According By The Experts

To better understand what the definition of society, then we can refer to the opinion ‎of some experts here:‎

‎1. Paul B. Harton‎

According to Paul B. Harton, understanding society is a group of humans who are ‎relatively independent, living together in the relative time long enough, inhabit a ‎particular territory, has the same culture, and do most of the activities in the human ‎group.‎

‎2. Ralph Linton

According to Ralph Linton, the notion of society is a group of people who live and ‎work together long enough so that they can organize themselves and consider ‎themselves as a social unity with boundaries defined clearly.‎

‎3. John J. Macionis‎

According to John J. Macionis, the definition of society is people interacting in a ‎specific region and has a culture together.‎

‎4. Soerjono Soekanto‎

According to Soerjono Soekanto, understanding society is a process of social ‎interaction, social interaction would not have been possible if it does not meet two ‎conditions, namely social interaction and communication.‎

‎5. Selo Sumardjan‎

According to Selo Sumardjan, the definition of society is people who live together ‎and generate a culture.‎

The Traits Of Society

The Traits Of Society

A society can be recognized from the characteristics that are in it. As for the ‎characteristics of the society are as follows:‎

‎1. Within a Particular Area‎

Refers to the understanding of the society above, a group of people inhabiting in a ‎particular region together and have a system that regulates the relationship between ‎individuals.‎

‎2. Living In Groups‎

Humans are social creatures and will always form groups based on common needs. ‎This group of humans will be greater and turn into a society that is mutually ‎dependent on each other.‎

‎3. There Is A Culture‎

A culture can only be created when there is a society. Therefore, a group of humans ‎who have lived together at a certain time will give birth to a culture that is always ‎adjusted and handed down through generations.‎

‎4. Changes‎

A society will undergo changes from time to time because it is basically a society has ‎properties that are dynamic. The changes that occur in society will be adjusted with ‎the culture that had previously been there.‎

‎5. There Is Social Interaction‎

Social interaction will always occur in society. These interactions can occur when ‎individuals meet each other one with the other.‎

‎6. There Are Leaders‎

Rules and norms needed in a society so that a harmonious life can come true. For ‎that, it takes leaders to follow up on the things that have been agreed upon so that it ‎can run as it should

The Elements Of The Society

The Elements Of The Society

The society is formed by several important elements in it. As for the elements of the ‎society are as follows:‎

‎1. A Whole Bunch Of People‎

In this case, many people (crowd) is a group of people who are in a certain place. As ‎for the characteristics of the crowd is;‎
‎• Formed due to the presence of a center of attention.‎
‎• Happens question-and-answer around the object that became the center of attention.‎
‎• The process of formation takes a long time.‎
‎• The presence of a feeling as one unity.‎

‎2. Group‎

The grouping is done in the society based on their characteristics, both objective and ‎subjective. The characteristics of a group include;‎
‎• There are differences in status and role.‎
‎• There is a pattern of interaction that diverse.‎
‎• Happens to the distribution of the rights and obligations of each member.‎
‎• There are sanctions and rewards.‎

‎3. Association (The Association)‎

Society is a unity of many individuals that are formed consciously and have a ‎specific goal to be achieved. The formation of the association is done based on ‎interests, interests, goals, education, religion, and profession.‎

‎4. Group‎

Different from the association, the group is an element of a smaller society. As for ‎some of its characteristics are as follows;‎
‎• There is a structure, rules, and a specific pattern.‎
‎• There are interactions between members of the group.‎
‎• The presence of the consciousness of every member that they are part of a group.‎
‎• There is a factor of the binder, i.e. the interests, goals, ideologies, the fate, of every ‎member.‎

Various Society

Various Society

In general, people can be divided into two types, namely primitive society, and ‎modern society. Here's the explanation:‎

‎1. Society Of Primitive/ Simple‎

This is the kind of society that in it has not happened yet meaningful development in ‎terms of science and technology in their lives. Generally, society is still isolated ‎and very rarely interact with other communities outside their society.‎

As for the traits of a primitive society/ simple is as follows;‎

‎• The people are still poor knowledge and treasures.‎
‎• Still, revert to the culture of the ancestors.‎
‎• Reject the foreign culture in their communities.‎
‎• Leaders are selected based on bloodlines.‎

‎2. Modern Society‎

This is the kind of people who already know the science and the latest technology, as ‎well as use it day-to-day. Generally, people are very open to new things and often ‎interact with outside society.‎
As for the characteristics of modern society are as follows;‎

‎• People are very open to new things.‎
‎• Every individual in modern society is very appreciative of the time.‎
‎• Leaders are selected based on their ability.‎
‎• Rely more on logic and rational action.‎
‎• The society consists of various tribes and groups.‎

That's a concise explanation of the definition of society, characteristics, elements, ‎and types of society in general. Hopefully this article useful and add your insight.‎

Definition Of Computer | By Expert, Function, Components, And Type Of Computer

Definition Of Computer - What is a computer? In general, the definition of a Computer is an electronic device that can be used to process the data in accordance with the procedures that have been formulated earlier so as to produce useful information for its users.

Definition computer is an electronic device that consists of a series of various components that are mutually connected so as to form a working system. The system inside the computer that can do the job automatically based on the program that was instructed to him so that it is able to generate information based on data and programs.

In general, the computer consists of 3 main elements, among others:

• Hardware (Hardware) which consists of Processor, RAM, hard drive, Motherboard, and CPU.

• Software (Software) is the operating system and also various application that is inserted into the hardware and work according to the command from the user.

• Computer users (Brainware) that the user or computer operator.

Etymologically, the word “Computer” comes from the Latin, namely “Computare” which means to calculate. So in a simple sense, the computer is a tool for calculating arithmetic.

Definition Of Computer According By Experts

Understanding Computers According By Experts

To better understand what is the meaning of the computer, then we can refer to the opinion of the experts here:

1. Robert H. Blissmer

According to Robert H. Blissmer, definition computer is an electronic device that is capable of performing several tasks, namely to accept input, process the input according to the instructions given, keep the commandments and the results of its processing, and provides output in the form of information.

2. V. C. Hamacher

According to V. C. Hamacher, the definition of a computer is electronic computing machines are fast and can receive digital input information, then process it in accordance with the program stored in the memory, and generate output information.

3. Donald H. Sanders

According to Sanders, the definition of a computer is an electronic system used to manipulate data quickly and precisely, designed and organized to automatically accept and store data, process data to produce output based on the commands already stored in the memory.

3. William M. Fuori

According to the Preview, the definition of a computer is a data processor that can do calculations is big and fast, including the calculation of the arithmetic and logic operations, and there is no human intervention.

4. Robert H. Blissmer

According to Robert H. Blissmer, definition computer is an electronic device that is able to perform some duties such as receive input, process the input, save the commands and produce output that shaped the information.

5. Williams & Sawyer

According to Williams & Sawyer, the definition of a computer is a versatile machine that can be programmed, can receive data (facts as well as pictures of course) and process or manipulate that data into information that can be used.

The Function Of A Computer

The Function Of A Computer

Basically, the function of a computer is very diverse, depending on its users. Refers to the understanding of the computer in the above, the following are its main functions:

1. The Input Data

The computer can receive information or data from other sources. The Data received by activity on the keyboard, the mouse, from another computer or other equipment.

2. Data Processing

One of the main functions of the computer is to perform data processing so as to produce the output, namely in the form of information. Generally, the data is processed inside the computer is a form of text, image, audio, video, charts, and others.

3. Data Output

The function of a computer next is to generate the output/ information after going through the process of data processing. Such information can be presented through the monitor, printer tool, and speakers.

4. Data Storage

The computer can also serve as a place to store data so it can be found easily and re-used. Such Data can be stored in the internal memory of a computer or external memory.

5. Data Movement

Another function of computers is to move data from one computer to another or various output devices.

The Components Of The Computer

The Components Of The Computer

Based on its function, components in the computer can be distinguished into three groups, namely Input, Process, and Output.

1. Component Input

This component is a hardware component that has a function as a giver of orders a variety of tasks that will be given on the computer. Some input components such as;

• The Keyboard, to provide input or feedback in the form of alphanumeric and interpretation of ASCII.

• Mouse and Trackpad, a tool that connects brainwave with the monitor screen.

• Pen (for touch screen), similar in functionality to the mouse but the shape of her like a pen.

• The Scanner tool to scan the image that will be inserted into the computer system.

• Microphone, a tool to input data in the form of audio.

2. The Components Of The Process

This component has a function to process data or process the command given by brainwave, which is then displayed on the component output.

Some components of the process include;

• Processor, that is the main component in the process of processing data.

• The Motherboard, the component connecting the various other components in the computer.

• The Hard Disk, i.e. a component to store data permanent in the computer, for example, computer operating system.

• RAM, that is a memory for storing various computer activity for a while.

3. Component Output

This is the component that has the function to display information from commands that have been processed by the computer.

Some of the components of the output include;

• Monitor, computer component which can display the process of being worked on a computer.

• The Printer, the components of which can print information in the hard-copy form.

• Speaker, components which can produce output in the form of audio or sound.

The Type Of Computer

The Type Of Computer

Based on the shape and size, the computer can be divided into seven types of computer. The types of computer are as follows:

1. A Portable Computer

This is a type of computer that is easy to carry anywhere, where its use for the purposes of research in the field and on the move. The type of computer is less popular because tend to be heavy and larger than the laptop in general.

2. Desktop Computer

As the name implies, this is a computer that is on the table. This computer has a CPU that is separate from the monitor and keyboard.

3. Palmtop Computer

This is a computer that is small and can be grasped. The computer of this type has been very rarely used since the invention of the Smartphone.

4. Computer Tower

This is a computer that looks larger than a desktop computer and is usually placed above or beside the table. This computer can be added device support because it has an expansion slot.

5. Notebook Computer

This is the kind of laptop but with a size that is thin. Generally widely used by students, teachers, and researchers who need a computer device that is compact and lightweight.

6. Handbook (Sub-notebook)

This is the kind of notebook whose size is smaller than the notebook in general. The general handbook has a processor with lower specs.

7. Laptop Computer

This is the type of computer that can be laid in the lap of the user. The Laptop has a CPU, monitor, and keyboard are fused and easy to carry anywhere.

Thus a brief explanation about the definition of computer, functions, components, and type-type of the computer. Hopefully this article useful and add your insight.

Definition Of Geology | By Expert, Application, and Type

Definition Of Geology - On this occasion we will discuss the Geology, not only understanding, but also there are some important points namely, kinds, applications and examples of geology, and also some expert opinions on geology. for further information is below :

Definition OF The Geological

Definition OF The Geological


the word geology itself is derived from the Greek i.e. “geos” meaning earth and then “logos” which means science. So can for we conclude that geology is a science (the study of) the study of earth materials with thoroughly, for example, is like origin, structure, constituent of the earth's crust, a wide variety of processes that are taking place then its formation, or ongoing, up to the state of the earth at this time.

People who are experts or experts in the field of geology called as geologist, geologist tasked to do a research to be able to unravel the mystery-the unsolved mysteries that envelop the processes associated with the materials that make up or form the planet earth, the movements or a change which happens, for example such as earthquake, eruption of volcano, and also search as well as find materials of the mine that can be taken in the bowels of the earth such as petroleum, gas, and other mining materials.

The task of an expert geologist also learns about the various properties of a natural disaster such as flood, landslide, earthquake, volcano and so forth. geologists can also predict or can predict(estimate) how to be able to avoid natural disasters. For more details, Below is an understanding of geology which was stated by the experts.

Definition Of Geology According By Experts

Understanding Geology According By Experts

The following is the definition of Geology proposed by geologists:

Bates and Jackson (1990)

According to Bates and Jackson, Geology is the study (science) that studies the planet earth, especially about the constituent materials, the process occurs, the result of the process, the history of the planet, as well as life forms since the earth was formed (quoted in Sutanto, 1999).”

Djauhari Noor (2012)

Geology according to Djauhari Noor is a field of study (science) of knowledge of earth that is researching or studying everything about the planet earth along with its contents were ever there. Geology this is a group of science that discusses about the/concerning the traits and also the materials that formed the earth, its structure, and also processes that work better contained within or on the surface of the earth, its position in the universe and also the history of the development since the earth was formed(born)in nature up to now.

Holmes (1965)

Geology based on the angle of view Holmes is a study (science) that describe or that illustrate the evolution of the earth and its inhabitants, since the beginning of its formation until now, that can be recognized in the stones.

Katili (1970)

Geology according to Katili is a Knowledge investigating (researching) the layers of rock geology in the earth's crust.

Munir (1996)

Geology according to the view of Munir's geology is a branch of (the study of) the science which study about the symptoms connected with the formation of the earth, the existence of the earth, and also other phenomena connected with the natural shape.

Noer Aziz M., et al (2002)

Geology is a study (science) of the earth and the Earth is as a whole group of science studies, the origin, structure, composition, history (including the development of life) and also a natural process that already exists and is ongoing, which makes the state of the earth like this.

Parker (1997)

Geology is the study (science) of the earth and life as recorded

on the rocks, including also the study of (the science) about the geological features in an area, such as for example the geometry of the shape of rocks, weathering, and erosion, also sedimentation. (in Harisutanto).

Written Brooks (1972)

Geology this course a study (science) of the earth to the origin, structure, composition, and history (including also the development of life) and also the process which has led to the state of the earth as it is today.

Type Of Geological

Geology is divided into 2 kinds, namely geology and physical geology of the dynamic. below is an explanation of the kinds of geology that is divided into 2 namely the following :

Physical geology (geology physical)

Geology is a Physical science that is definitive in researching or learning about various physical properties of a planet, especially earth, examples such as the arrangement and composition of the materials that formed the earth, the air that envelops above the earth's surface, in particular on the part which is attached to and also interact with the planet earth, then the mucous water or called as hydrosphere, and also the various processes that work above the surface of the earth that are triggered by the presence of a energy from the sun and the pull of the gravity of the planet earth. Such a process can be called by the erosion, the removal of weathering, and also deposition.

 That is the definition of physical geology or geology physical.

The geology of a dynamic

The geological dynamic is the study (science) geology the study and also discuss the properties of the dynamics of the earth. This side is related to or associated with a variety of changes contained on the part of the earth, caused by the presence of a style that is triggered by the energy that comes from the bowels of the earth, for example is like the activity of the magma that can produce volcanism, motion litosfir caused by the presence of convection currents, earthquakes and also motion the formation of the basin of deposition as well as the mountains. point -the point above is the definition of geological dynamic.

Application/example of the application of the science of geology

Application/example of the application of the science of geology

Application of studies (science) geology is the things that are important in several other fields. Utilization studies (science) geology is growing and also increasingly in need for today, and below is an example of a field that requires the application of the science of geology:

1. Petroleum geology (Petroleum) which is utilized to know the pitfalls of petroleum and also natural gas.

2. Mining (Miming geology) this function is to determine a process of forming the deposition of mineral that has the properties of ekonarris, which is certainly very needed by humans.

3. Hydrogeology (Hydrology) this function is to learn about an event the utilization of groundwater.

4. Environment geology (Geological environment) is a geological very necessary to be able to evaluate human interaction with the surrounding environment.

The and thank you, above is the description of √ the Understanding of the Geology, Wide range, Applications and Examples According to the Experts hopefully what is presented about the Geology can be beneficial to you.

Benefits Of Music For Our Life

Benefits Of Music - Music is sound art that relies on the sense of hearing us. Talk about the art of the aspect that is emphasized is from the side of the beauty, comfort, whatever-related aspect feelings. Good music that has lyrics or not or so-called instrumental of course ever present in our hearing.

The fact that music now has an important role in our lives. If you look back, the utilization of music is even used as a healing therapy in ancient times civilization of the glory of Islam made by Al-Farabi and Al-Kindi. Until now this music is known to have a function which is central in human life.

The benefits of music in our social life

The benefits of music in our social life


The benefits of classical music might have been very popular for the health of the fetus baby in the womb. But did you know that the benefits of music in social life also very much, here in between?

1. As emotional expression. Music serves as a medium for someone to express his emotions. That is, the music player will be able to express his feelings through music.

2. As the appreciation of the aesthetic. Music is a part of the work of art. While the works of art need to have a side of beauty or so-called aesthetic value in it works of art. The music alone will make us able to feel the aesthetic values in it either through melody or dynamics which is the element of music that makes the distinction in value the beauty of the music with other musicians.

3. For a bit of entertainment. The art of music has the function of entertainment if it refers to a sense of its own music that a musical certainly it contains elements that are entertaining. In fact, we can see from the Melody or the lyrics that are in it.

4. As a means of communication. The art of music also has a communication function which means that a piece of music exists in an area with a particular culture contains media culture preservation by the local community. It can be seen from the text or melody of the music itself.

5. As a form of symbolizing. Music has a central function in the symbolize or symbolize something. We can see it from the elements of the music, call it like the tempo of the music. If the tempo of the music is slow then usually the text will tell you something sad. So the music is mellow will be identical symbolize grief.

6. As physical reactions. While the music is played, the incoming sound to our ears, it can stimulate our nerve cells so it will cause our body moving in rhythm with the music. If the music tempo is fast, then we were moving fast, and vice versa also if the beat is slow.

7. As the declaration of the ratification of the social institutions. The current music is also used role in a ceremony. Not only as a companion but also the identity of that complement a show. Such as the moment of the world cup now there is always a song of sages who made each event takes place.

8. As a means of unifying the community. This function makes the music have a value that is important. Music has a function in bringing together the community. The music played with together without realizing it will bring a sense of togetherness among the players and also the listener of the music itself. Maybe that's why every country has a national anthem which became the means of unifying the people in the country.

Special benefits when listening to music

Special benefits when listening to music

Music is also beneficial for You, although can't play a musical instrument. Because when listening to music there will be a stimulus which is good for our physical and mental state. The benefits we will get are:

9. To relieve the pain. From the psychological side of the pain that we feel will be noticeably reduced. The results of research conducted by the University of Utah's Pain Research Center revealed that listening to music when we are sick it will make the pain da pain in the suffering can be reduced.

10. Improve the immune system Remarkably music is beneficial to keep our immune system. If usually, the immunity the body is affected by the intake of nutrients that enter the body, pulling it by listening to the rhythm of the music can also affect the immune system we. The reason is that music is therapeutic in nature cure. The opinion expressed by Campbel,“ music can produce a stimulant that is rhythmic, a Stimulant is then captured by the sense of hearing we and then processed in the nervous system of the body and glands of our brains. Next our brains are back to organize the interpretation of sound into the internal rhythm of the audience. Well, the internal rhythm of this is what affects the metabolism of the human body that ultimately makes the process take place better”.

11. Reduce the risk of Alzheimer's. Alzheimer's is the old brain that the indication can be seen is starting to experience memory loss even drastically. Music with rhythmic stimuli-its believed to be able to maintain the function of our brain. This rhythm makes the nerve cells of our brain works, a feeling of comfort and calm will arise that make the brain work optimally. If you continue to do, then the ability to think we will remain awake can be even more clear and sharp in thinking.

12. Relaxation of the mind. Rhythmic stimuli generated music is also able to make the mind become more relaxed, and also lead to feelings-feelings positive, comfortable, calm and optimistic to happy.

13. Keep a good mood. The same is the case with the benefits of reading comics, Listening to your favorite music will make the mood becomes calmer. It is supported by research conducted in Canada in 2011. This applies to all types of music. Another study added that by listening to your preferred music will trigger the release of the hormone dopamine.

14. Support the productivity of labor. Sourced from the journal from She Knows revealed the results of his study towards the participant's employees of young. It is proven that young employees that listening to instrumental music without lyrics will have a level to focuses high than those who heard the music with the lyrics. In the add again if young employees listen to music that is not liked it will eliminate the focus of its work.

15. Forming the characters themselves. Music has its own character and can also differentiate in many genres. Each genre has a market of connoisseurs themselves with certain characters. Like certain types of music, it is believed helped shape the development of our personality. Loud music will tend to make us always be optimistic, mellow as a person who loves peace, etc.

Special benefits while playing music

Special benefits while playing music

For those of You who can play a musical instrument will certainly benefit far more than those who just listen to music. Even with being a music player also will automatically listen to music played by himself. This is the benefit of playing music that can.

16. Maintain the health of the heart. The results of the study in the Netherlands found that playing music for about 2 hours a day to help lower blood pressure, as well as our heartbeat. Expert advises for heart patients to play music because it will lower blood pressure and cardiovascular on the heart.

17. Relieve stress the Results of research conducted at the Loma Linda School of medicine find that the sound of music affects the decline in the level of stress on the stage of genomics. For those of You who can play music, can make this as a means of refreshing to dilute the taste of the day in the head.

18. Attract the attention of the opposite sex. This research was conducted in Israel, involving 50 women as participants. They claimed that men who are good at playing a musical instrument will be more attractive than a man who can't. This study shows that the ability to play music can affect the impression of virility in the eyes of the opposite sex.

19. Increase the intelligence of the Brain. Dr. Gordon Show revealed that playing music can balance the right brain and our left. The reason is that when playing music activates both sides of our brain simultaneously. These conditions will have a positive impact on the player the music will help him get a work performance and studies in the environment.

20. Train the power of concentration. Playing music requires us to concentrate on reading any notes and then sync them with the coordination of the hands, feet and other parts of the body that is used to play music. This work makes our brain well-trained power of concentration, because if the organization of the motion of the body that one will not produce the tone of the music that is good to hear.

21. Add the power of imagination. Based on research conducted in Rhole Islan, United States of America by involving school children music. the results of his research which in then give it a title “Learning improved by arts training” it was revealed that in the age of the children who are already learning to play the musical instrument will have the sensitivity and ability of the imagination higher than other kids in his age who did not learn a musical instrument.

22. Clever to set the time. This research was conducted in the U.S. to the 48 participants who have the age of 19 to 21 years old, both men and women. The participants are already really good music. The results of these studies find the fact that the existence of a condition of average in parts of the brain with language skills, the concept, and management of time.

Benefits of music for health it turns out very much at all well, we can listen to music which can improve the various organs and our brain.